Ginger is used as a spice, for pickles, candies and as a traditional and modern medicine aid. Ginger production is implemented in many world countries but it is suitable in moist, tropical conditions. Cochin Ginger (NUGC) and Calicut Ginger (NUBK) are the main phyla of Indian ginger in the herbal market. From this production rate, almost 30 per cent is converted into dry ginger, 50 percent is used as green ginger and the rest as an aid for ginger production specifically seed materials. Ginger is produced in various countries for so many purposes.
Here are the top producing countries in its overall ginger production:
Production(2004-2008) Metric Tones
The World ginger output in 2009 was 1,618,627 metric tons. Some other sources of Ginger related researches said that, it is cultivated in India, China, Japan, Indonesia, Australia, Nigeria and West Indies islands. India is the primary producer and consumer of ginger in the world. Orissa, Kerala, West Bengal, Karnataka, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Madhya Pradesh are the major Indian states that posses high ginger production rate. Among these states, Kerala is the largest producer accounting for almost 33 per cent of the total production.
The annual World ginger trading is estimated to be $190 million. The major importing countries are the United Kingdom, the United States and Saudi Arabia. On the other hand, Ginger production in Nepal for the year 2008-2009 is raised to 178,988 tons of ginger and exported ginger worth $18,3 million US dollars which is 99 percent of total production to India. Nepal imported ginger worth $7,74 million USD during the same period.
Ginger has been used for its natural benefits for 5000 years and is still in use for Asian medicine to stomach aches, nausea, and diarrhea treatment. A number of digestive, anti-nausea, anti-cold and anti-flu dietary supplements distributed in the United States contain ginger extract.It has been used to treat post-surgery nausea, nausea caused by motion, chemotherapy, and pregnancy related problems. In addition to this, Ginger also has been used for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and joint and muscle pain treatments.
A research made on December 2011 suggests that the use of ginger for short-term can safely relieve pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting. However, other studies said that it is not clear whether it is effective for nausea caused by motion, chemotherapy, or surgery. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, it is still under research on the effectiveness of ginger in treating rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or joint and muscle pain. NCCAM-funded investigators have looked at whether this spice reacts with drugs, like those used to suppress the immune system, and effects on reducing vomiting and nausea.