Mango Ginger health benefits has scientifically named Curcuma amada Roxb is significantly unique spice in a similar morphological resemblance with ginger but imparts a fresh mango flavor. The known benefit of mango ginger rhizome is in pickles and culinary preparations and manufacturing processes. Ayurveda and Unani medicinal and related health systems have contribute much importance to mango ginger as an appetizer, aphrodisiac, alexteric, antipyretic, diuretic, emollient, expectorant and laxative and used as a cure to skin diseases, biliousness, itching, bronchitis, asthma, hiccough and inflammation caused by injuries.
The biological attributes of mango ginger include antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory activity, antibacterial activity, antifungal activity, hypotriglyceridemic activity, brine-shrimp lethal activity, enterokinase inhibitory activity, platelet aggregation inhibitory activity, cytotoxicity, antiallergic activity, CNS depressant and analgesic activity. The major chemical constituents found in mango ginger include starch,curcuminoids, phenolic acids, volatile oils, and terpenoids such as difurocumenonol, amadannulen and amadaldehyde. The taxonomical hierarchy of mango ginger is listed as follows; Kingdom: Plantae Super division: Spermatophyta Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Monocotyledonae Order: Zingiberales Family: Zingiberaceae Genus: Curcuma Species: C. amada Roxb.
The taxonomical hierarchy of mango ginger is listed as follows;
Super division: Spermatophyta
Species: C. amada Roxb.
The Detailed analysis on the use of Mango ginger in different life sector
Mango ginger has a typical exotic flavour of raw unripe mango which is preferable to be used as a basic ingredient in pickles, preserves, sauces, curries, candies, salads. Similarily, mango ginger is applied medicinally as a coolant, aromatic and astringent and to enhance digestion. The
rhizome paste which is specially prepared for medicinal solutions has traditionally been used for healing of wounds, cuts and itching. Rhizome paste application for sprains and skin diseases is also practiced for thousands of years. On the other hand, the rhizome has carminative properties, as well as being essential component and has been used as a stomachic.A whole-mango ginger paste with crushed long peppers called Piper longum is researched to be very effective for the treatment of piles, and rhizome decoction with common salt is an effective treatment for colds, coughs and flu. Mango ginger can also improve blood quality (Kapoor 1990).Topical use of native extract of mango ginger leaves for contusions and sprains are also reported bya number of researchers.
The antioxidant power of aqueous methanol extract of mango ginger leaves and rhizomes produced through β-carotene bleaching method are reported (Prakash et al. 2007) and it shows that leaf extract was more active and effective in its curing rate than rhizomes extract. The antioxidant reaction of sequential mango ginger extracts with increasing polarity of solvents was reported by Policegoudra et al.(2007a). The research is based on different antioxidant activity report assays like DPPH radical scavenging activity, superoxide radical scavenging activity, metal chelating activity and lipid peroxidation activity. Among ethyl acetate, acetone, hexane, chloroform, and methanol extracts, ethyl acetate and acetone extracts showed promising DPPH radical scavenging activity. The non-polar extracts showed that good lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity is shown in mango ginger leaves. According to Tarwadi and Agte 2005,the antioxidant activity of mango ginger rhizomes in fresh and cooked form has demonstrated that there are no significant changes in the application of mango ginger for preparation of culinary preparations.
The organic and aqueous solvent extracts of mango ginger are characterized by its antibacterial pattern against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus (Chandarana et al. 2005). Based on the two types of extracts, the heated aqueous extract exhibited high antibacterial activity compared to the unheated aqueous extract. Other researches showed that the solvent extracts in1,4-dioxan and DMF concentration were less effective against bacteria and antibacterial activity of free and bound phenolics from mango ginger rhizomes has been recently reported .Free and bound phenolic mango ginger fractions are effective in inhibiting the role of H+, K+-ATPase activity and Helicobacter pylori formation and growth. Similar components of mango ginger like Cinnamic and ferulic acids present in phenolic fractions contribute significantly to H+, K+-ATPase as well as H. pylori growth inhibition. Many other extracts such as hexane, acetone, chloroform, ethyacetate, and methanol extracts are highly antibacterial
against B. subtilis, Micrococcus luteus,Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Enterococcus fecalis and Salmonella typhi.
Mango ginger rhizome volatile oil has antifungalin nature (Singh et al. 2002).The major parts of volatile oils responsiblefor antifungal activity against the wide range of fungi,viz. Curvularia palliscens,A. terreus,Fusarium moniliforme, Aspergillus niger,and F. falcatum are Myrcene (4.6%) and pinene(80.5%).Mango ginger extract gives hyportriglyceridemic reactions and influences on both liver synthesis and blood clearance (Srinivasan and Chandrashekharan 1992, 1993).
As a general conclusion, Mango ginger is a highly potential spice which had remained unexplored for their bioactive phytochemicals. The few documentations on the available literature on phytochemicals, biological and pharmaceutical properties activities are amazing. Still now, very inadequate information is available on the aerial parts of the mango ginger.Various phytochemicals like terpenoids, phenolics, and other bioactive constituents were reported in mango ginger rhizome. They were effective for various biological activities such as anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antidepressant, ant tubercular and platelet aggregation inhibitory roles.
- amada(The major known mango ginger species) contains a number of bioactive divergent ingredients in which one compound may act to enhance the action of other chemical compound. Numerious phytochemical and biological activities of C. amada shown in the present review may confirm the therapeutic value, for its combating activities and for its use against multiple diseases. Similarly, mango ginger may undergo for bioactive properties of mango ginger rhizome and its usage in Ayurveda and related traditional medicines.But, the structure–activity interactions and pharmacological properties of these ingredients is the need of the hour. Further synthesis of active principles and researches can lead to outstanding development of pharmacological products for health benefits and related products.
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