This study was done to manipulate the preventive effect of a herbal family on two major risk factors of coronary artery disease (CAD) mainly ginger for hyperlipidemia and hypertension. These power of effects were compared with another ginger-garlic which is a more reliable, tested and established herb against these risk factors and considered as a reference drug.
Studies on ginger for hypertension and hyperlipidemia controls
Different medicinal studies have shown that better preventive impact of ginger for hypertension and hyperlipidemia as the rise in blood pressure and lipid levels is lower in preventive ginger group than control group which is statistically significant.
Ginger or Z. officinale is one of the most popular herbal of all the spices and one of the top five antioxidant foods as the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, July 2006 (Scott, 2010) reported. Ginger is currently considered much existing interest for its power to treat different aspects of cardiovascular and related disease. According to Nicoll and Henein 2009,reviews of the most recent trials, point that ginger performance show considerable anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet, antioxidant, hypotensive and hypolipidemic effect in different vitro and animal trials. Also, Ginger offers not only a cheaper natural Ginger rhizome but also contains several classes of compounds including starch containing 40 to 60%, fats (10%), proteins (10%), fibers (5%), inorganic material (6%), moisture (10%) and essential oil (1-4%). The essential oil or oleoresin of ginger contains various compounds containing terpins and sesquiterpenes or specifically Zingiberene. In these compounds, more than 200 different volatile substances have been characterized in the crucial oil fraction contents. The characteristic pungent odor is because of its oleoresin content,is an oily liquid having oxymethyl phenols like zingerone, shagol and gingerol (according to Verma et al., 1999). Gingerol and Shagoal though considered one of the major active principle , ginger may not truly represent the crude extract in all perspective because single plant is known to contain as many as over 100 chemicals (according to Harborne, 1984), therefore in this current study we have used purified dried powder of ginger which is Standardized by Organics India. In addition to this,it is the safest form to supply as drug in future as compared to various other forms inclusive of extracts.
Based on the aforementioned outputs, we can conclude that ginger for hypertension and hyperlipidemia is an effective herbal remedy for the risk factors of IHD and if taken correctly, it will be very effective in reducing the chances of developing these risk factors. Compared to ginger, garlic which is more tested against these cardiovascular risk factors have shown more superior effect in reducing lipid levels as preventive remedy than ginger, but ginger has an edge over garlic in reducing blood pressure.
Therefore, ginger has the potential to give an optimum health benefits and it is not only considered as a cheaper and natural alternative but also the effective preventive remedy for the risk factors and the natural answer of ginger for hypertension and hyperlipidemia.